Welcome to the Laboratory for Soft Machines & Electronics (SME Lab) in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). We aim to exploit the fundamental mechanics and physics of advanced materials, and to design and fabricate novel machines and electronics using advanced technologies to address the grand challenges that we are facing today. We are now focusing on the mechanics, design, and manufacturing of soft materials, soft robotics, self-powered electronics, and 3D/4D printing of multifunctional materials for a variety of applications in healthcare, manufacturing, energy, food, agriculture, infrastructures and space exploration, such as tunable surfaces, medical robots, agriculture robots, personalized health monitoring system, implantable electronics, wave energy harvesters, as well as smart packaging system for supply chain.
Soft Flipping Robot
We developed a new Soft, Lightweight Flipping Robot that can perform versatile motions for wall-climbing applications. The work has been published in IEEE Transactions on Robotics (T-RO).
A new 4D printing process and inks for fabricating stretchable energy devices i.e., supercapacitors was developed. See the details on the work in Advanced Materials Technologies.
Smart Agriculture System
We are working novel electronics for smart agricultures to address the big challenge in production, protection and food security faced by human. The review on soil sensors are published in Advanced Materials!
We investigated the electrorheological fluid-assisted polishing technique in processing conductive materials with ultra-high precision at small scales for novel electronic and optical devices.
We have proposed a modified continuum theory and finite element framework for magneto-actuated large deformation and instability of magneto-active elastomers.
Stretchable Supercapacitors from Crumpled CNT-forests
Stretchable supercapacitors based on crumpled CNT-forests are fabricated, offering a new opportunity for next‐generation self-powered stretchable electronics.
We developed a new kind of multifunctional metamaterials that can harvest energy, control vibration and frequency sensing. The work has been published in Advanced Functional Materials.
Soft Manipulator System
We invented a new soft manipulator system that can achieve on-demand stiffness tuning and remote controlling with self-powered HMI. The paper is published in Advanced Materials Technologies.
Soft human-like hands
Need a robot with a soft touch? MSU Spartan engineers has designed and developed a novel humanoid hand that may be able to help. This new research is reported by MSU Today.
Wearable CNT-forest SCs
We developed a new stretchable supercapacitor based on Au-CNT-forests, paving new avenues for designing novel power-independent portable and wearable electronics for broad applications, published in Matter.
Stretchable SCs via MXene-rGO Composite
We developed a method to overcome the cracking problem of MXene based energy devices for stretchable or wearable applications. See our ACS Nano paper!
Organic Responsive Materials
Ferrocene-based Organic Small Molecule was used to develop new stimuli-responsive materials for wearable sensors and energy harvesters. The work has been published in Small.
Hybrid Energy Harvesting
Recent advances on the hybrid energy harvesting system by combining triboelectric nanogenerators and other energy harvesting methods are reviewed. The paper is published in Matter.
Forest fire alarm system
A novel high-performance multilayered cylindrical triboelectric nanogenerator (MC-TENG) is designed to harvest the kinetic energy of tree branches for powering a fire sensing system in a forest.
Soft Smart Gripper
We have developed a new type of smart robotic gripper, targeting at applications in packaging automation and agriculture harvesting. This research is published in Advanced Materials Technologies!
Novel Triboelectric Nanogenerators
We have developed a new type of wave energy harvester, hierarchically structured triboelectric nanogenerator (HS-TENG) to harvest the huge blue energy for large-scale deployments. This research is published in Nano Energy !